Housing Panel

Christina Sandefur, Executive Vice President

The Goldwater Institute


Christina Sandefur is the Executive Vice President of the Goldwater Institute, where she works in courtrooms, legislatures, and communities to defend and strengthen the freedom guaranteed to all Americans in the constitutions of the United States and all fifty states.  Ms. Sandefur has won important victories for property rights in Arizona, and works nationally to promote Goldwater Institute’s Private Property Rights Protection Act, a state-level reform that requires government to pay owners when regulations destroy property rights and reduce property values.  Her book, Cornerstone of Liberty:  Private Property Rights in 21st Century America, with co-author Timothy Sandefur, surveys the landscape of property rights in the United States after the infamous eminent domain decision, Kelo v. New London.  Ms. Sandefur is a graduate of Michigan State University College of Law and Hillsdale College.

In addition to developing and promoting policies, Ms. Sandefur litigates cases advancing healthcare freedom, free enterprise, private property rights, free speech, and taxpayer rights.  Her litigation and policy work have been featured in The National Review, The Washington Post, Human Events, and The American Spectator, among others.  Ms. Sandefur is one of the attorneys that filed the recent lawsuit against the City of Chicago over its recently-enacted anti-home-sharing ordinance.

Ms. Sandefur is also a contributor to U.S. News & World Report, and co-authored an article titled Give AirBnb Users a Break, where she shed light on states who have imposed restrictions on home-sharing, Hawai‘i being one of them.  She also authored a recent report on home-sharing in Regulation Magazine, titled Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Home-sharing.

Gregory W. Kugle, Director

Damon Key Leong Kupchak Hastert

Gregory W. Kugle is a director in the litigation section of the Honolulu firm Damon Key Leong Kupchak Hastert, practicing primarily in land use, construction, real estate, and commercial litigation.  Mr. Kugle has advised and represented landowners in inverse condemnation and vested rights claims against State and local governments, zoning disputes, and eminent domain proceedings.  For example, Mr. Kugle has obtained dismissal of a government suit for enforcement of transient vacation rental restrictions on behalf of property owners, and has represented numerous property owners in zoning violation proceedings initiated by State and local governments, and civil suits initiated by private parties.

Notably, Mr. Kugle is the lead counsel for plaintiffs in a recently-filed suit against the City and County of Honolulu for declaratory and injunctive relief for deprivation of Constitutionally-protected rights of property owners operating transient vacation rentals.  See Kokua Coalition v. Dep’t of Planning and Permitting, Civ. No. 16-00387 DKW RLP (Haw. Dist. Ct. July 11, 2016).

Mr. Kugle is a graduate of the University of Hawaiʻi William S. Richardson School of Law, was selected for the 2017 Best Lawyers in America list in the areas of construction law, land use and zoning law, and real estate law, and in 2016 for general litigation, and received the American Bar Association Land Use Management and Control Award.

Stephen R. Miller, Associate Professor of Law

University of Idaho College of Law

Professor Stephen R. Miller is an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Idaho College of Law.  He is an expert in land use; local government; local environmental law; sustainability and resilience planning, with an emphasis on wildfire; and local regulation of the sharing economy.  His numerous books, chapters, law review articles and editorials have been published by Cambridge University Press, the Harvard Environmental Law Review and the Harvard Journal on Legislation, among others.

He has served as a consultant on United States’ land use governance for the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and as an adviser to the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) on the creation of a National Risk Index.  He has served as a commissioner on the Boise Planning & Zoning Commission, and presently serves on the boards of the Montana & Idaho Community Development Corporation, the Rocky Mountain Land Use Institute, and the Land Use Law Center at Pace Law School.

Brad T. Saito, Deputy Corporation Counsel

City and County of Honolulu

Brad T. Saito is a Deputy Corporation Counsel for the City and County of Honolulu and a member of the Corporation Counsel’s Real Estate and Land Use Section.  Mr. Saito specializes in areas of land use, environmental law, administrative law, and code enforcement.  He advises the City Department of Planning and Permitting and has represented City and County of Honolulu in numerous civil and administrative proceedings involving development rights, discretionary permits, environmental compliance, and zoning enforcement.

Mr. Saito is a graduate of the University of Hawai‘i William S. Richardson School of Law and an active member of the International Municipal Lawyers Association.